Prequalified vs Preapproved: Tips On Securing a Mortgage Before Buying a Home

by Tricia Cyr 01/09/2019

If you’re a first-time homebuyer, odds are you’ve thrown the words “prequalified” and “preapproved” interchangeably. However, when it comes to home loans, there are some very important differences between the two.

For buyers hoping to purchase a home with a few missteps and misunderstandings as possible, it’s vital to understand the procedures involved in acquiring financing for a home.

Today, we’ll break down these two real estate jargon terms so that you can go into the mortgage approval process armed with the knowledge to help you succeed in securing a home loan.

Mortgage prequalification

Let’s start with the easy part--mortgage prequalification. Getting prequalified helps borrowers find out what kind and what size mortgage they can likely secure financing for. It also helps lenders establish a relationship with potential customers, which is why you will often see so many ads for mortgage prequalification around the web.

Prequalification is a relatively simple process. You’ll be asked to provide an overview of your finances, which your lender will plug into a formula and then report back to you whether or not you’re likely to get approved based on your current circumstances.

The lender will ask you for general information about your income, assets, debt, and credit. You won’t need to provide exact documents for these things at this phase in the process, since you have not yet technically applied for a mortgage.

Prequalification exists to give you a broad picture of what you can expect. You can use this information to plan for the future, or you can seek out other lenders for a second opinion. But, before you start shopping for homes, you’ll want to make sure you’re preapproved, not prequalified.

Mortgage preapproval

After you’ve prequalified, you can start thinking about preapproval. If you’re serious about buying a home in the near future, getting preapproved will simplify your buying process. It will also make sellers more likely to take you seriously, since you already have your financing partially secured.

Mortgage preapproval requires you to provide the lender with income documentation. They will also perform a credit inquiry to receive your FICO score.

Mortgage applications and credit scores

Before we talk about the rest of the preapproval process, we need to address one common issue that buyers face when applying for a mortgage. There are two types of credit inquiries that lenders can perform to view your credit history--hard inquiries and soft inquiries.

A soft inquiry won’t affect your credit score. But a hard inquiry can lower your score by a few points for a period of 1 to 2 months. So, when getting preapproved, you should expect your credit score to drop temporarily.

After preapproval

Once you’re preapproved for a mortgage, you can safely begin looking at homes. If you decide to make an offer on a home and your offer is accepted, your preapproval will make it easier to move forward in closing on the home.

Once the lender checks off on the house you’re making an offer on, they will send you a loan commitment letter, enabling you to move forward with closing on the home.

About the Author
Author

Tricia Cyr

Tricia Cyr is the owner /broker of CYR Real Estate, a Connecticut real estate company that has been in business for 27 years. After working for a small real estate firm located in Branford, she decided to start her own real estate company. Not only has she been actively selling real estate on the Connecticut shoreline for over 27 years, but she is also a lifetime resident of the shoreline. "I am a full-time real estate broker who knows what it takes to get the job done, allowing you to have complete confidence that you will be well represented. I give personal attention, always keeping myself accessible. I return my phone calls promptly.” Tricia is energetic, efficient, honest, dependable and always working with your best interest in mind. Offering the highest quality of service and will make your real estate experience a pleasant one. Cyr Real Estate has been generating repeat clients and personal referrals for 27 years. We use all the latest technology & tools to successfully market all our properties. If you are interested in buying or selling a home, please consider Cyr Real Estate 203-481-6638 New Haven Middlesex Association of Realtors | Connecticut Association of Realtors National Association of Realtors | Shoreline Chamber of Commerce